The combination of tongue, cranium, neck, shoulder region and front legs, of large proportions, give it great reach when it comes to grazing.
In general, it puts small branches into its mouth, with the help of its long and flexible tongue. Amongst the many characteristics particular to giraffes, are the large eyes and ears; an acutely sloping back from shoulders to rump; stilt-like legs with long and heavy feet, and a thin tail with a large black tuft at the end with which to swat flies. The 2 to 4 distinctive horns, called ossicones, are more developed in males than in females. They feed, drink and undertake other activities in the morning or at nightfall, which takes them approximately 12 hours; the rest they do at night, ruminating in the heat of midday.
Their principal predators are lions, leopards and hyenas. While their numbers are increasing throughout the entire southern area of their distribution, their populations in the north have diminished due to the degradation of the habitat and poaching.