Egyptian Fruit Bat

Theme area:  Poblado central
Scientific name:  Rousettus aegyptiacus
Class:  Mammals
Continent:  Africa
Habitat:  Tropical forest
Diet:  Fructivore
Weight:  80 - 170 gr
Size:  12 - 20 cm
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Always sleeping in a group to make the most of body heat.

This bat is found south of the Sahara, in Egypt and on the coasts of the Arabian Peninsula. It prefers to stay in habitats that provide forest cover, places to sleep, and abundant fruit tree growth.

It is a nocturnal species that sleeps during the day in caves, mines or other shelters. They sleep close together to avoid heat loss. They form groups of various sizes, from small colonies of 20-40 members to large colonies of 9,000. The female gives birth to a single pup, although twins have occasionally been recorded, after a 4-month gestation period. After birth, hatchlings are cared for solely by their mother for approximately 9 months and are capable of flight some 63 to 70 days after birth.

They can consume 50 to 150 percent of their weight in fruit, not only pollinating the flowers of fruit trees, but also assisting as the primary agent in seed dispersal for many tree species. On the other hand, they attack fruit orchards intended for human consumption and farmers fight them with poison.

Conservation status
Extinct
Extinct in the wild
Critically endangered
Endangered
Vulnerable
Near threatened
Least concern
Insufficient data
Not evaluated

DID YOU KNOW...

they are not blind? This species mainly uses visual orientation to find food, although they also use echolocation.
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