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Common eland

Theme area:  Reserva de los lagos
Scientific name:  Taurotragus oryx
Class:  Mammals
Continent:  Africa
Habitat:  Savannah
Diet:  Herbivore
Weight:  300 - 1.000 kg
Size:  1.6 m
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Africa's largest species of antelope

The eland's range extends from Ethiopia and southern Zaire to South Africa.

It is the largest extant antelope. A striking dewlap hangs from their neck, males are much larger than females and both sexes have horns.

Herds are composed of up to 25 individuals with more than one breeding male, but there is a strict hierarchy of dominance over breeding females. Dominant males mate with several females and these will give birth to a young at 9 months of age. After birth, females group together to defend their young and repel predators.

Their main threat is overhunting for their meat and skin.

Conservation status
Extinct
Extinct in the wild
Critically endangered
Endangered
Vulnerable
Near threatened
Least concern
Insufficient data
Not evaluated

DID YOU KNOW...

they can increase their body temperature to prevent sweating? This avoids dehydration when the temperature is very high.
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