Burchell’s Zebra is a subspecies of the common zebra (Equus quagga) believed to have been exterminated in the wild in 1910 and to have become extinct in its entirety by 1918, until 2004 when it was found that the zebra Equus quagga antiquorum and Burchell's zebra were the same animal, so it was renamed Equus quagga burchellii.
Burchell’s Zebra inhabits South Africa, Zimbabwe, Namibia, Botswana, and Southern Angola. They have quite a lasting social structure which consists in a stud male, his harem of females and their foals. The number of females varies. As the foals grow they start forming groups of males who will begin challenging other stud males in order to win their harems. The fights are quite violent with bites and kicks that can cause serious harm to opponents.
The zebra populations tend to move around following available water sources. They live on the large savannahs in the rainy season and concentrate close to permanent rivers in the dry season. The total population of zebras in Africa appears to be stable but there are specific areas where their number has diminished due to poaching and the transformation of their habitat. This species has shown that it is capable of recovering if mass hunting is controlled and if their habitat is preserved (thanks to various natural parks there are in their area of distribution).